Many mechanical systems generate heat from moving parts. The heat and friction lead to inefficiency and increase the rate of wear. As a result, a cooling system is needed to preserve function and minimize energy losses. Old machine systems used crude cooling techniques that were expensive and inefficient, However, the advent of coolant fluids and efficient cooling systems provided a cheap alternative to keep machines at optimum operating temperatures.
Engine cooling systems have three primary parts: radiator, thermostat, pump, and coolant. The radiator is the heat exchanger unit in a cooling system. It’s usually designed from aluminum and features small diameter pipes that increase the surface area for heat dispersion. The pump creates pressure to run the coolant through the system between the engine and the radiator. The thermostat serves as a valve that only allows the flow of the coolant above specific temperature thresholds.
The coolant is a fluid that carries heat from the machine and into the radiator for cooling. It has unique features that make it efficient. These include good heat transfer, protection against deposits, high-temperature protection, safety, and reduced foaming tendency. Coolants can take up a lot of heat with minimal change in temperature. As a result, cooling machinery is more effective and efficient. Unfortunately, contaminants make coolants unreliable and inefficient. They can cause overheating and direct damage to moving parts.
The sources of contamination in cooling systems vary widely. As moving parts collide, friction can generate debris that builds up in coolants, Furthermore, coolants may undergo thermal or chemical reactions that yield precipitates over time. The system may also develop leaks that serve as entry points for contaminants. Nonetheless, several procedures are recommended to keep your coolant clean. These include:
It’s imperative to regularly check your coolant and replace the fluid according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. The coolants change in chemical and physical composition over time, affecting performance qualities. Therefore, replacement is necessary to maintain the integrity of the fluid. Most machines have scheduled maintenance that involves evaluating the coolant for replacement
Flushing the cooling system:
A good way to keep your coolant clean is to flush the system. This involves draining the coolant and using a special fluid to remove accumulated debris, contaminants, and old coolants. Flushing and replacement should be done at the same time for the best results. Flushing improves the efficiency of the coolant and prolongs its lifespan
Coolants have different properties; therefore, manufacturers provide recommendations for the ideal products to use for your machine. Using the wrong product can alter the efficiency of your cooling system and cause damage to your machines
Visual inspection is a good way to pick up signs of contamination. These include discoloration, sedimentation, and floating debris. If you notice anything wrong with your coolant, address it with urgency.
Clean coolants have unique benefits that enhance machine function and performance. Here’s a breakdown of what to expect from clean coolant;
A clean coolant is effective at dissipating excess heat generated during combustion processes and other machine functions. Cooling prevents the engine from reaching critically high temperatures and averts damage to the components.
Clean coolants contain additives that reduce corrosion and rust formation within the engine’s cooling system. The additives also prevent the formation of bubbles in the coolant from rapid changes in pressure.
Aside from preventing the machines from overheating, coolants serve as antifreeze. They protect the engine from freezing in cold temperatures. The fluid works as a heat reserve that warms up the engine.
Using a clean coolant results in improved fuel efficiency and performance: When a machine operates beyond optimal temperatures power output decreases and fuel consumption increases. A clean coolant keeps the temperature levels in check and ensures efficiency.
As you choose a coolant for your engine don’t compromise on quality and always follow the right maintenance procedures.